Mental illness

Mental illness is a general term used to describe a group of illnesses that may impact individual thoughts, perceptions, and behavior. It can affect a person’s professional and personal relationships.  Mental illness can be treated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or medications, sometimes doctors use a combination of both. There are different types of mental health issues.

Types of mental health issues

Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorder is a group of mental health disorders… They include generalized anxiety, social anxiety, panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder. Untreated, anxiety disorders can significantly impair an individual’s daily life.

  • Generalized anxiety, disorder a person with this condition feels an excessive worry and tension with little to no reason.
  • Panic attacks, people with this disorder feel a terror that strikes suddenly. During a panic attack, some people sweat, feel an increased heart rate, chest pain, stomach upset, difficulty breathing or nausea.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD),  people with OCD have unwanted and unvoluntary ideas or sensations to make them feel driven to do something repetitively.
  • Social anxiety is intense anxiety or fear of being judged, negatively evaluated in social situations.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder is a serious condition that can develop after a person has experienced a traumatic event involving physical harm.

 

In this post, we are talking about diffirent types of mental illnesses

Depression

  • Major depression is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with an individual’s ability to work, sleep, eat and enjoy activities once pleasurable.
  • A persistent depressive disorder is a depression that lasts more than 2 years or longer.
  • Bipolar disorder also called manic depression is a mood episode that ranges from the extremely high energy of with an “up” mood to low “depressive” periods. When you are in a low phase, you’ll have symptoms of major depression.
  • The seasonal affective disorder is a mood disorder that happens mostly in the months of winter but goes away in spring and summer. This is because in winter months the days grow short and you get less and less sunlight.
  • Psychotic depression is a combination of major depression and psychosis. In other word, someone with psychotic depression experiences the symptoms of major depression plus hallucinations and delusions.
  • Peripartum depression (postpartum depression) is a mental illness that affects women after giving birth. It’s normal for some women to feel the “baby blues” for a few weeks. Baby blues happen after a woman gives birth, one minute she feels happy and the next minute she cries. She may have a hard time concentrating, lose her appetite, can’t sleep well even when the baby is sleeping. This usually happens 3 to 4 days after delivery. Postpartum depression, however, lasts longer. Its symptoms include a feeling of sadness, feeling worthless, feeling like life isn’t worth living. These women feeling anxious, have less energy or motivation to do things and have little interest in the baby.

In this post, we are talking about different types of mental illnesses

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is a depression women experience along with other symptoms at the start of their period. Besides feeling depressed, women experience mood swings, anxiety, fatigue, irritability, and trouble concentrating.

  • Situational depression is a depressive mood people experience when they are having trouble managing a stressful event such as divorce. Psychotherapy often helps manage a period of depression related to a stressful situation.
  • Atypical depression is a pattern of depression symptoms that is temporarily alleviated by a positive event. It’s a persistent sadness that is temporarily relieved by a positive experience.

Schizophrenia 

Schizophrenia is a chronic, serious mental illness that affects the way a person thinks, perceives reality and relates to others. Though it’s not a common mental illness as other major mental illness, it can be the most chronic and disabling. Contrary to popular belief, schizophrenia is not a multiple personality disorder. People with schizophrenia have what is called psychotic episode, a moment in which they lose touch with the reality, they can’t tell what is real from what is imagined. In psychotic, they could experience:

  • Hallucinations: Seeing or hearing things that are not there.
  • Delusions: firmly held beliefs that can easily be proven wrong, like believing people are out to get you.
  • Disorganized speech: using words or sentences that make no sense to others.
  • Strange behavior: acting in a repetitive way like walking in a circle, quiet for hours or sitting still.
  • Withdrawn and lifeless: has no motivation,  not interested in normal daily activities.

Borderline personality disorder

A personality disorder is a mental illness that impacts the way a person feels and thinks about herself and others. This person experiences unstable mood swings, emotional instability, and anxiety. There are 10 types of personality disorder.

  • Paranoid personality disorder: a person with this disorder has extreme difficulty trusting people or confiding in them. They are constantly looking for signs of betrayal or hostility.
  • Schizoid personality disorder: an individual with this disorder is emotionally cold toward others, gets little pleasure from life, has little interest in sex, chooses to live life without interference from others.
  • Schizotypal personality disorder: an individual with this disorder finds a relationship extremely difficult, uses unusual words or phrases. They feel anxious and intense with people who do not share their beliefs.
  • Antisocial personality disorder: a person with this disorder behaves in ways that are unpleasant for others. They behave dangerously without considering the consequences for themselves or others. Also, they act aggressively and get into fights easily. She feels no sense of guilt even when she mistreats others. She gets bored easily and acts on impulse.
  • Borderline personality disorder: people with this disorder worry about people abandoning them,  have difficulty making and keeping stable relationships. They get angry easily and have difficulty controlling their anger and feel empty and lonely most of the time. Also, they have suicidal thoughts or self-harming behavior and have no strong sense of who they are.

In this post, we are talking about different types of mental illnesses

  • Histrionic personality disorder: people with this disorder are easily influenced by others, feel dependent on the approval of others. They have a reputation for being dramatic and feel uncomfortable if they are not the center of attention. They flirt to make sure they are the center of attention and feel like they have to entertain people.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder: these people believe that they are better and deserve more than others, take advantage of others. They get angry when ignored, put their own needs above others, resent other people’s success. They have very fragile self-esteem.
  • Avoidant personality disorder: also called anxious personality disorder: people with this disorder avoid a social situation that requires them to be in the presence of others, worry about being found and rejected. They feel lonely and inferior to others, avoid friendship or intimacy because of fear of rejection, and worry about being shamed by others.
  • Dependent personality disorder: these people depend on others to make decisions for them, they are seen as submissive and passive to others, have low self-esteem. People with this disease are afraid of being left alone to fend for themselves. They are people pleasers and can not function without any help.

Mental illnesses are serious diseases that significantly impact individual life. They not only affect the patient in question but also her loved ones. Remember that it takes patience, compassion, and love to care for someone with mental illness. The caregiver most also seeks support or take part in a support group of people dealing with similar situations. You always have options when it comes to treatment, but you need to educate yourself about your situation to determine the best course of action. Sometimes, it takes trial and fails to find the medicine that is best for your condition. Please do not get discouraged by this. Life is worth living and you’re loved and needed even though you might not know it.

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Author

Raina is a psychology student who understands the importance of caring for mental health. She blogs about depression, anxiety, fibromyalgia, men and mental health and parenting kids with ADHD.

42 Comments

  1. Excellent overview of the various mental health issues that people can live with…thanks for sharing. We need to put our mental health in the same category as our physical health and stop being afraid to talk about it. I have Bipolar Disorder and I’ve never been afraid to say so. The more we talk the better!!

    • Pamela,

      You couldn’t have said it any better, we need to put our mental health and our physical health in the same category. I have fibromyalgia and depression. It took me a while to acknowledge that I have depression, and I am glad I did.

  2. Thank you for this list of mental health disorders. Do you consider addiction a mental health disorder? I’m always interested to hear what other people think.

    • Lynne,

      What a great question! Based on my knowledge as a psychology student, I consider addiction a mental health disorder and here is why. Before someone becomes an addict, they must have had some kind of mental illness and are using alcohol or drugs as a coping mechanism. More often than not, this person is experiencing a pang of extreme sadness, pain, a loneliness that they feel can not be alienated by anyone. They see no way around their problems, so they use alcohol and drugs to numb their feelings, or pain or whatever the problem is. Over time, these substances and alcohol change their normal desires and priority. Let me know if you have any other question or disagree with my theory.

  3. This is a helpful article describing the various disorders. It’s been a long time since I studied psychology, and so this helps with terms I hear from time to time in conversations or in the news. I love how you ended with the reminder that life is worth living. Thanks!

    • Beth, thank you for your support. I know what it is to feel hopeless and helpless. It’s not a good feeling, and I wouldn’t it for my enemy. I understand how easy it is to hit the rock bottom and give up, but there must be something in your life that you cherish enough to wanna life for. I hope more people will seek professional help.

  4. Sometimes it is a little alarming to see that there is a whole spectrum of mental illnesses triggered by unexpected events. One thing is for sure – no mental issue can be ignored. It is so important to recognize that something is off and seek professional help. Good breakdown of the various types, Raina. Thank you for the educative post!

    • Vidya,

      Thank you for your kind words. Most people see seeking help as a sign of weakness and are ashamed to label what they are experiencing. I know I did. I was too ashamed to acknowledge my depression, but I had to make the hard decision that saved my life.

  5. Mental disorders are such a common disease nowadays and so many people have it. I actually don’t even want to think of all the varieties. Some people are too scared to admit to it, but accepting that you have an illness and seeking help will definitely push you into the right direction. It has for me 🙂

    • Leana,

      Yes, most people are ashamed and scared to admit that they have a mental illness. Seeking help is the best thing anyone could do for themselves. The sooner the better.

  6. I enjoyed educating myself with your post. I suffered from postpartum depression with my third and haven’t really talked about it with any of my friends because I was ashamed. I suffer from bad anxiety around crowds and people I don’t know. I’m socially awkward at first, but when you get to know me I’m pretty fun lol.

    • Felicia,

      I can relate to your experience. When I was first diagnosed with depression, I was ashamed too and did not want my friends to know about it. And yes, I’m socially awkward in the most situation especially when I’m the focus of everyone. I had to present research that I conducted for an assignment in my classroom, I was so anxious that my professor had to send me back to my seat before I could pass out in front of everyone. You are not alone, other people experience some type of mental illness too but are too ashamed to share their experience. You are a strong woman for saying it out loud.

      • Great post on mental health! I suffer from depression and anxiety and so does my 2 sons, it’s important to know that there is nothing to be shameful of! Your post was very informative and helpful! Great job!

        • Michele,

          Thank you for your support. I hope, by talking about our experience with mental health, people will understand what it entails and how people are harming themselves by not seeking professional help. In my opinion, I think your experience with depression puts you in the best position to help your sons because you understand them better than any could.

  7. I’m absolutely fascinated by psychology and mental health. Learning about all these disorders is so vital for us to understand others. You never know what someone could be dealing with, but having an understanding of these main disorders can really help you in society.

    • Nicole,
      Yes, psychology is fascinating. Understanding is the key to helping loved ones. I had anxiety for years without knowing, I didn’t even it is a medical condition.

  8. This is a great post outlining all of the types of mental illness out there. They don’t always present the same either!

  9. Got to know something new about mental health issues. I really appreciate your efforts for making this helpful information available for us.
    Thank you!

    • Vanesh,

      I appreciate your kind words. I hope by learning about mental illness, people will treat mental health as they do physical health.

    • Accidental blogger,

      Some medications can also cause hallucinations. The only way to know for sure is to discuss your symptoms with your primary care and go from there.

  10. In today’s fast growing world, we need much education related to mental health and disorders related to it. Anxiety, Stress and Depression is wide spreading fast. This article helps us to understand what people suffering may go through. Thanks for spreading the awareness

    • Heena,

      You’re welcome! People tend to think about mental illness as an individual’s weakness to manage their emotion, however, mental illness is more than just emotional suffering. We, also need to know that mental illness can happen to anyone, no one is immune to it.

  11. I really liked this, and the breakdown of each one. Thank you for sharing such an important post and spreading awareness. I suffer with a few disorders on here

    • Josie,

      You are welcome! to reduce the stigma associated with mental illness, we need to educate people about what mental illness is and share our experience with mental illness.

  12. Thank you for the informative clarity to the different mental illnesses. It helps to bring awareness and allow people to be more patient and sympathetic with each other.

    • Shelly,

      Thank you, we need to remind ourselves of the importance of support and compassion for our loved ones dealing with mental illness.

  13. Thank you for this very informative post! Understanding mental health issues is becoming more and more important with each passing day. I especially appreciated that you added the reminder to be compassionate and patient when caring for someone with mental health issues.

    • Jen,
      I appreciate your kind words. Sometimes, we forget what people with mental illnesses deal with, we just want them to get already. With flu, you know it will be over in a week or so. However, mental illness takes longer to overturn or manage.

  14. As somebody who suffers from a severe anxiety disorder, I couldn’t agree more! Physical health and mental health go hand in hand. This is a very comprehensive post 🙂

    • Krissy,

      I used to think of mental illness as a disease that only affects our brain. Well, I couldn’t be more wrong about that, and living with a mental illness is certainly a live changing experience. Thanks for visiting.

    • April,

      You couldn’t have said it any better, education is what we need to have an understanding of what it feels like to live with a mental illness. Thanks!

  15. Wow, so insightful. Keep up the good work. The world needs to be better educated on Mental Illness. It is a serious problem in our day and age! People just don’t realise how crippling mental illness can be.

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